Meteorologic conditions in India

Mark Souder has represented the people of northeast Indiana in the United States House of Representatives

Meteorologic conditions in India

3 December 2019 Bez kategorii 0

Climate of India

Geographical position

The principal part of the area of India ( *India visa application) is in the sub equatorial zone. The main feature of this place is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean provides rains to India. They intensify in early June on the west coast and in mid-June on the east coast. Whenever moving over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder storms fall on the slopes of the mountains in June. But later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the weather cold and sunny.


Climatic seasons

Based upon data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in three major climatic seasons.

In November – February, if the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually rises.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity goes up. As well as the weather of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon time. It is a moment of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. However the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature and weather in various areas of India. The nation covers a huge location, and every region has yet another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall each year. It is among the wettest locations on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest period is from May to June. However even great heat are tolerated very easily since the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, doesn’t surpass 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The onset of the monsoon in June starts off with the greater wind and cloud cover. The period lasts until September. During most times of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather reduces the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate depends upon the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the weather of India varies greatly based on the area, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan climate to other parts of India. These hills are very high and also have a unique climate.

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